Archive for the ‘Composting’ Category

While some Montreal island residents already have kitchen waste pick-up, most of us will have to wait a few more years before we have access to a municipal collection service. Meanwhile, one easy composting option is Compost Montreal.

Compost Montreal is a private business that will collect your food waste each week and bring it to a composting facility. For $5/week (or $60/season), the service includes a kitchen-size bin that seals tightly and a fresh compostable liner each week. You can’t put in meat or dairy, but anything veggie, fruit or grain is good. I’ve been using their service for two years, and I can tell you that it’s truly hassle-free.

The company was founded in 2007 by Stephen McLeod. He had been taking his own compostables by bicycle to a drop-off at a local community centre, and started offering to bring other people’s too, for a small fee. Soon he needed a truck, and some extra hands. A friend put him in touch with Tye Hunt, who was working for Côte Saint-Luc to help expand the municipality’s own organic waste collection program. When Hunt’s contract came to an end, he joined McLeod.

For $5/week, Compost Montreal will collect your kitchen waste at your door — bin and compostable liner included. (Photo courtesy of Compost Montreal)

“We began with one run and 40 clients,” recalls Hunt. “Now we do 9 runs and have 1,000 clients.” From their St-Henri base, they have expanded to Mile-End, Rosemont, NDG — wherever there is enough demand. They have two trucks, one running on vegetable oil (the other to be converted soon).  Hunt estimates they collect about 5 tons of organic waste per week.

The waste is brought to a composting facility run by Montreal’s Southwest borough. While the site is intended primarily for leaves and other green waste, Compost Montreal has an agreement under which it can add up to 750 cubic metres a year (i.e. less than 10 percent of the site’s total volume). City workers turn the piles about once a week with bulldozers, which injects oxygen and promotes the growth of good bacteria to break down the matter. “The end product is A-grade compost that is good for redistribution into agriculture,” says Hunt.

In the spring, interested Compost Montreal subscribers receive a bag of compost. The rest is sold to other gardeners (including Urban Seedling, a business that will come plant a vegetable garden at your home) or used for landscaping.

Why compost?

One enviromontreal reader asked, “Why compost? After all, doesn’t organic waste decompose in landfill sites anyway, and maybe even help other matter in those sites break down?”

Good composting can greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (Photo courtesy of Compost Montreal)

“Organic matter is actually doing more harm than good in landfill sites,” says Hunt. As organic matter decomposes, and particularly if it has a chance to rot first in a plastic bag, it emits methane, which leaks up into the atmosphere. “Methane is a greenhouse gas, and it will deplete the ozone layer,” Hunt explains. “However, if you compost organic material in an open-air area with lots of carbon material such as leaves and branches, the methane reduction is dramatic.”

Hunt notes that for some larger-scale city composting sites, this is the main benefit. “Even in cases where the compost produced is not of great quality, at least the greenhouse gases are dealt with properly.” Many cities use closed composting (anaerobic) sites, which produce more greenhouse gases than open-air (aerobic) sites but have some method for capturing the methane.

As for organic matter helping other waste to break down, he does not know of any correlation. “Plastics, glass and metal take thousands of years to break down,” he says. Finally, there’s the transportation issue: most of our garbage is trucked off to landfill sites off the island, whereas Compost Montreal’s site is local.

Municipal composting by 2015?

Sadly, Montreal lags far behind other cities when it comes to organic waste collection. Toronto has been servicing single-family households since 2005, and began expanding its program to apartment buildings and condominiums in 2008.

Montreal is currently planning to build four major composting facilities on the island. Two of these would capture the methane released and convert it into electricity. The two others would be indoor compost treatment centres modeled after Ottawa’s — see Monique Beaudoin’s recent article in The Gazette.

Mayor Gérald Tremblay had originally promised kitchen waste pick-up for all homes of eight units or less by September 2014. However, according to Gazette reporter Monique Beaudoin, who has been following the public hearings on the proposed sites for the compost treatment facilities, the City is now talking about island-wide pick-up by 2015 (given the time it will take to get the new facilities built and operational).

Compost Montreal’s other services

So what will happen to Compost Montreal once kitchen waste collection is finally provided as a municipal service? Well, the company may bid on one of the city’s collection contracts. But it is also expanding in other ways.

Compost Montreal already collects food waste from about two dozen businesses, and hopes to increase its commercial client base. Clients include Bell on Nun’s Island (cafeteria), several local cafés, TV celebrity Chuck Hughes’ restaurant Garde-Manger in Old Montreal, the Fairmont hotel, and some buildings at the Université de Montréal and UQAM.

They also collect used vegetable oil from restaurants, selling it to a biodiesel manufacturer.

And soon, they plan to launch an organic food delivery service, offering staples such as soymilk, peanut butter and toilet paper.

To find out if Compost Montreal services your area, call (514) 690-5773 or visit their website, www.compostmontreal.com.

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Guest post by Jenn Hardy.

Last week when my neighbour Chad graciously popped by my apartment to bring me my organic food basket, I saw loads of green tufts of vegetables poking out of the top and said, “Urg. I feel horrible that we don’t compost.”

“The city picks it up,” he told me. Chad’s the kind of guy who seems to know everything that’s going on in our neighbourhood. He knows loopholes and bylaws that most of us are too lazy to look into.

We went into our respective apartments and by the time I got back to my computer, he had already sent me the link to the city’s website where I could punch in my postal code for a pick-up schedule.

Sure enough, according to the website, the city comes by Wednesdays to pick up our green waste. There’s even an explanation about the size and material of the containers we can use.

One thing not explained, however, was the definition of the term “green waste.”

Like Chad, I interpreted green waste to mean any organic matter. Like from half-eaten meals and rotten potatoes.

Wikipedia does too: “Green waste is biodegradable waste that can be composed of garden or park waste such as grass or flower cuttings and hedge trimmings, as well as domestic and commercial food waste.”

I don’t have a backyard with grass and leaves. The only green stuff I have are the carrot tops and extra cabbage leaves that come in my weekly fresh food basket. Domestic food waste.

So the city was really going to pick up my celery stalks free of charge?

When I posted the fact I didn’t know I lived in a compost-pick up area on Facebook, savvy friend (and Montreal journalist) Eve Krakow commented, “But is it kitchen waste, or garden waste, i.e. just leaves and branches?”

My compost dreams were shattered. Eve has been researching the city’s waste management for stories on OpenFile and on her own blog, so if someone was going to know what was going on, it was her.

But I phoned the city just in case. The answer: If Chad and I lived a little further east in the Plateau, we would be eligible for a project that picks up kitchen waste. The project will hopefully spread west and around the city soon with the woman on the phone optimistically telling me that “eventually this program will grow to all the boroughs.”

While Chad says it’s been a few weeks since the city has touched his bins, he clarified that he hadn’t been dumping ground coffee and eggshells into the bucket he leaves out on his curb. He has a veggie garden out back and most of what he’s been throwing in his bucket comes from his garden.

Our options for compost in this area are limited, but do exist. The very affordable (though labour intensive) option is to bring our own compost to the Tourne-Sol Community Composting Centre in Jeanne Mance park for $30/ year. Added bonus: You get to take home some of the nutrient-rich compost that is produced.

Compost Montreal’s service is a favourite around the city. For $5 a week, participants are provided with a bucket lined with a fresh compostable cornstarch bag. Excellent service means the bucket is collected weekly and the lining bag replaced before it’s put back on the participant’s porch. While the $20/month add up, it’s surely a more important use of my money than the $50 a month I pay Videotron to let me watch TLC and CosmoTV… Sign me up!

Jenn Hardy is an award-winning journalist who regularly writes for Todaysparent.com, the Montreal Gazette, This Magazine, and OpenFile. She runs the parenting blog www.mamanaturale.ca.

This post originally appeared on OpenFile Montreal.

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